十四位大师的处子作

《The First Paintings Of 14 Famous Artists》,转载自buzzfeed.,作者Jessica Misener。中文部分是我自己翻译/注释的

1. Vincent Van Gogh, “The Potato Eaters,” 1885

文森特·梵高,《吃土豆的人》,1885(32岁)

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Van Gogh’s first major work, “The Potato Eaters,” was painted in dark earth tones, a stark contrast from the hues in his later landscapes. Its aim was to capture the grim realities of peasant life.

与后期风景画的色彩绚丽不同,梵高在他的第一件重要作品《吃土豆的人》中,用暗土色色调来捕捉农品的贫苦生活。在这里说“前期”“后期”似乎不打妥当,因为这部作品的完成,距离梵高自杀也只有五年。

2. Monet, “View from Rouelles,” 1858

莫奈,《鲁埃莱的风景》,1858(18岁)

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“View from Rouelles” was lost for several years, but now it resides in a private collection.

《鲁埃莱的风景》曾经失踪多年,现在被某位私人收藏家收藏。

3. Salvador Dalí, “Landscape Near Figueras,” 1910

萨尔瓦多·达利,《Figueras的风景》,1910(6岁)

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Dalí painted this when he was 6 years old. (Depressing.) It’s far less surreal than most of his later work, obviously.

这幅画远没有达利后期的作品那样超现实,不过达利当时才六岁啊。

4. Georgia O’Keeffe, “Dead Rabbit with Copper Pot,” 1908

乔治亚·欧姬芙,《死兔子和铜锅》,1908(21岁)

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O’Keeffe’s college-era oil painting — the first she was recognized for — was undeniably a little macabre, but it won the Art Students League’s William Merritt Chase still-life prize.

欧姬芙在大学时创作了她的第一幅油画作品。这幅看起来有点恐怖的画赢得了XX奖。

5. Michelangelo, “The Torment of St. Anthony,” 1487

米开朗基罗,《圣安东尼的痛苦》,1487(13岁)

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Completed when he was just 12 or 13 years old, “The Torment of St. Anthony” is one of only four known easel paintings of Michelangelo’s. A Texas museum acquired it in 2009. Also, it’s pretty freaky.

十二岁或十三岁的时候,米开朗基罗就在完成了他现存的四件架上绘画之一——《圣安东尼的痛苦》(米氏的作品多为壁画)。Fort Worth的Kimbell美术馆在2009年收购了这幅作品,价格未公开(尼玛我怎么不知道?)。

6. Andy Warhol, “Campbell’s Soup Cans,” 1962

安迪·沃霍尔,《坎贝尔汤罐》,1962(34岁)

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The Campbell’s soup canvases were the first paintings Andy Warhol displayed in an art gallery; he made 32 canvases, one for each type of Campbell’s soup. They sold as a unit for $1,000, but now they all currently hang in the Museum of Modern Art in New York.

《坎贝尔汤罐》是安迪·沃霍尔第一次在画廊中展出的绘画作品。彼时,这件由32种不同口味的汤罐的帆布画组成的作品被沃霍尔以一千刀的价格打包卖出,而现在它已陈列在纽约现代艺术博物馆里了。

7. Leonardo da Vinci, “The Adoration of the Magi,” 1481

列奥纳多·达·芬奇,《三王来拜》,1481(29岁)

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In 1478, Da Vinci received a commission to paint an altarpiece for the Chapel of St. Bernard in the Palazzo Vecchio and, in March 1481, “The Adoration of the Magi” for the monks of San Donato a Scopeto. He didn’t finish either one, and a later hand finished this one for him.

1478年,达芬奇接受了一份为旧宫(佛罗伦萨的市政厅)的圣伯尔纳铎教堂绘制祭坛壁画的工作,1481年3月,他又答应为San Donato a Scopeto修道院绘制《三王来拜》。不过达芬奇没有完成两件工作中的任何一件,《三王来拜》是后人在他草稿的上绘制的。

8. Pablo Picasso, “Le Picador,” 1890

巴勃罗·毕加索,《斗牛士》,1890(9岁)

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At age 9, Picasso was already creating masterpieces, making this drawing of a bullfighter.

毕加索九岁时就表现出大师风度了。

9. Frida Kahlo, “Self Portrait in a Velvet Dress,” 1926

弗里达·卡罗,《穿天鹅绒的自画像》,1926(19岁)

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Kahlo, who didn’t start painting until later in life, made this first official self-portrait for her then-boyfriend, Alejandro Gómez Arias. The sea in the back is intended to be a symbol of life.

卡罗的绘画生涯开始的较晚(对原文有争议)。她的第一幅自画像是为她后来的男友Alejandro Gómez Arias画的。背景的海洋象征了人生。

10. Rembrandt, “The Stoning of St. Stephen,” 1625

伦勃朗,《向圣史蒂芬投石》,1625(19岁)

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Rembrandt made this great work at age 19, giving one of the spectators behind Stephen his own features. It was a prime example of the painter’s excellent use of the shading tactic chiaroscuro.

伦勃朗在十九岁时就完成了这件杰作,并把自己画进圣斯蒂芬身后观众里(伦勃朗热衷于自画像,也喜欢让自己和家人在作品中出现)。可以看出,当时的伦勃朗对明暗对照法的运用就已经非常纯熟了。

11. Edvard Munch, “The Sick Child,” 1885

爱德华·蒙克,《生病的孩子》,1885(22岁)

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The painter of “The Scream” got his early start in poignancy with “The Sick Child,” a title given to collection of works surrounding the death of his older sister Johanne from tuberculosis at age 15. Throughout his career, he created several variants of the same painting.

《呐喊》的作者在其早期作品里就展现出强烈的风格。蒙克的妹妹约翰娜在十五岁时死于肺结核,《生病的孩子》是他为此创作的系列作品的标题。蒙克的创作生涯里还有多个版本的《生病的孩子》。

12. Edgar Degas, “The Bellelli Family,” 1858

埃德加·德加,《贝列里一家》,1858(24岁)

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This brilliant portrait of Degas’ aunt, her husband, and their two young daughters took almost a decade to complete. It now hangs in the Musée d’Orsay in Paris.

德加用了近十年的时间来完成的这件只有四位人物(德加的姑姑、姑父和他们的两个女儿)的作品,现被巴黎奥赛博物馆收藏。

13. Jackson Pollock, “Mural,” 1943

杰克逊·波洛克,《壁画》,1943(31岁)

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Considered by some to be the most important modern American painting ever made, Pollock’s “Mural” was an 8-by-20-foot canvas that foreshadowed his famous “drip” painting style. It belongs to the University of Iowa now, although it’s currently undergoing repair at the Getty Center in Los Angeles.

完全不能理解,懒得翻了。。。

14. Sandro Botticelli, “Fortitude,” 1470

桑德罗·波提切利,《刚毅》,1470(25岁)

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More than a decade before “The Birth of Venus,” Botticelli’s first dated work is part of a series of paintings on the four “worldly virtues,” along with temperance, prudence, and justice, and the three “Christian virtues” of faith, hope, and charity, all commissioned by the Commercial Courts of Florence, Italy. In this one, a young woman sitting upon a throne and holding a scepter personifies the virtue of fortitude. (Some claim she’s pregnant.)

《刚毅》完成于《维纳斯的诞生》的十年之前,是波提切利第一件有创作时间可考的作品。在为佛罗伦萨商业法庭绘制的《世俗的美德》(刚毅,节制,审慎,正义)和《基督的美德》(虔信,希望,仁慈)系列壁画中,波提切利用一个手持节杖坐在王座上的年轻女人来象征“刚毅”。有人说这个女人怀孕了(鬼知道)。

2 thoughts on “十四位大师的处子作”

  1. 路过。艺术这种事,真是说起来都是传奇。。。

    等我画完第一部绘本,就扩写成同名小说。
    书中一些暂时出现的地名和生物:河洲岛 左右巷 黄鸟 黄鸟谷 卷耳菜 葛覃谷
    都是出自诗经噢 哈哈

    1. 矮油,你以为引两句诗经就文艺了?文艺是由内而外的,匹夫读四书五经一百遍还是匹夫,君子天天板砖糊熊脸还是依然是君子。

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